While all of this sounds great, the warmth from the sun that our bodies crave can start to wreak havoc on your skin, causing little dark spots to pop up all over without signs of warning.
What is this? It’s none other than hyperpigmentation.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the darkening or discoloration of certain areas of the skin that is typically caused by some form of sun damage, scars from injury or acne, or a hormonal imbalance in the body.
When the skin is damaged in any way, the body starts producing melanin to act as a protective layer. In some cases, too much melanin is created, causing dark spots or hyperpigmentation to form.
Typically, hyperpigmentation comes without warning. Brown spots and other signs of uneven skin tone can start forming in the skin and not make themselves known for decades. These symptoms of hyperpigmentation typically affect the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chest the most, but can also be found on shoulders and arms. It affects all people of all skin tones, but is more commonly found on women than men. But guys, that doesn’t mean you’re off the hook.
How to treat uneven skin tone and hyperpigmentation
All skin tones are affected by hyperpigmentation, but treatment for dark spots on darker skin can be a bit more challenging.
There are many treatments out there that use lasers to correct and diminish the appearance of dark spots, but using this type of treatment on darker skin tones can actually make hyperpigmentation worse. Lasers can detect the dark spots on lighter skin tones easier than they can on darker skin tones. When this type of treatment is used on dark skin, it can have reverse effects, making surrounding skin darker and dark spots darker.
So what can you do if you have darker skin? One of the safest and most effective treatments for guys with darker skin tones is to do a series of peels. Peels can help shed layers of dead skin better than typical at-home exfoliation.
While this can be a bit more time consuming than a laser treatment, peels can help remove and diminish the appearance of dark spots after just a few treatments.
Peels, coupled with lightening creams can also be a great way to treat hyperpigmentation. Look for quality, safe skin care products that include skin lightening and anti-inflammatory properties, such as bearberry extract, mulberry extract, licorice root extract, azelaic amino acid, vitamin, and ferulic acid. These properties will help naturally lighten dark spots, without damaging surrounding skin.
How to prevent hyperpigmentation
Prevention can start now. The minute you step outside of your house, rain or shine, your skin is exposed to harsh UV rays.
Sun damage is one of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation, but thankfully, you can get ahead of it.
By applying and using a daily moisturizer with an SPF grade of 30 or higher, you’ll set you skin up to be fresh and free from dark spots for years on end.